Gum disease, also known as gingivitis or periodontitis/periodontal disease, is a swelling of the gums and tooth’s supporting bone and ligaments.
What is the cause of gum disease? It is caused by food and bacterial accumulation around the tooth’s gum margins, known as dental plaque.
How can you stop gum disease from happening? Having good oral hygiene regime is the first step to ensuring good gum health. This includes brushing your teeth twice a day all the way to gum margins and cleaning between them with either dental floss or interdental brushes. Regular dental and hygiene visits are also integral to good gum health. Having a nutrient dense diet which high in vegetable and fruits, low in sugar may also play a role in preventing a gum condition.
Is gum disease curable? Depending on stage of the disease. If it’s still in the gums (gingivitis), then it may be reversible. If the disease has spread to the bone, its likely that you can stabilise it but rebuilding bone takes time and it is difficult most cases.
What is the treatment for gum disease? Most cases it is treat by remove the build up around and between the teeth above and below the gums, usually under local anaesthetic. In server cases, it also requires periodontal surgery. When the disease stabilises, you will attend regular maintenance visits.
How can you tell if you have gum disease? Early signs of gum disease usually include bleeding from the gums, typically when brushing. Some cases it may be accompanied by halitosis, bad breath. Advanced signs are typically movement of teeth, loose teeth, recurrent infections and pain. The end stage of poor gum health can result is tooth loss. Mostly, gum disease goes un noticed until the advanced stages, unless you attend your dentist check up regularly and go for hygiene appointments.
If you are worried about the health of your gums or experience any of the symptoms above, please make a dental appointment to discuss your issues further.